By the early 1900s, the company had sold millions of bottles. FUN QUIZZES You would never guess the origins of these words! From k'e chapwhich means, "tomato juice. The word "ketchup" is the Anglicized form of "ke-tsiap," an old Hokkien word for fish sauce. The word ketchup or ke-tchup (tchup being pronounced like zhi in mandarin) is derived from the Hokkien dialect traditionally spoken in Fujian and Taiwan. First up: Digging into America's favorite condiment, ketchup! It was acquired by English, probably via Malay kichap, toward the end of the 17th century, when it was usually spelled catchup (the New Dictionary of the Canting Crew 1690 defines it as 'a high East-India Sauce'). The word came from the East, either from southeastern China or Southeast Asia. In fact, the etymology of the word has been disputed by historical linguists. Heinz ketchup was an instant hit. : perhaps from Chinese (Cantonese dialect) k'ē chap ‘tomato juice’. He came up with the modern ketchup spelling, too — at the time catsup was still the preferred term. See ketchup in the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary Check pronunciation: ketchup Step 2 : Answer to the question "Which of these words is of Chinese origin?" 3. It comes from the Indish 'katyup' for a spicy sauce. Footnotes And Further Reading. A Chinese term meaning "fish sauce" An Italian term meaning "tomato sauce" A German term meaning "pickle sauce" An Old English term meaning "beet sauce" Question #6. This time around, the team is investigating the science, language, and history of food. It was used throughout China and Southeast Asia (including Indonesia and Malaysia) to enhance the savory flavor of dishes. It turns out that the word ketchup actually comes from the Hokkien Chinese word kê-tsiap, which is the name of a sauce made from fermented fish - a type of fish sauce. SciFri Extra: The Origin Of The Word 'Ketchup' By Science Friday and WNYC Studios. Ketchup: As the Online Etymology Dictionary explains, the word ketchup is thought to come from the Chinese word koechiap, which means “brine of fish.” Originally ketchup was a more general word for spiced sauces, including fish sauce. So theory goes the word started in Hokkien, and from there, the sauce and the word traveled. Ketchup is a word that clearly does not have origin in the English language because it has no intrinsic meaning. True False. How to use ketchup in a sentence. Science Diction is back! Ketchup More than 650 million bottles of ketchup … Ketchup definition is - a seasoned pureed condiment usually made from tomatoes. Chow refers to food, and “chow down” means to eat. “Ketchup” (or the Chinese word of which it is an approximation) originally meant fish sauce in the Fujian dialect; “tchup” means sauce and “ke” preserved fish. What we now think of as ketchup in the US may have it's ancestry in the east, but so does chop-suey, but that is still considered to be an American Dish, as I believe ketchup should be. Americans now purchase 10 billion ounces of ketchup annually, which translates to roughly three bottles per person per year. The word ketchup comes from the Hokkien Chinese word kôechiap, referring to a pickled fish brine or sauce. Ketchup definition: Ketchup is a thick , cold sauce, usually made from tomatoes , that is sold in bottles . Finally, they added vinegar and sugar to the recipe which gave the product a unique taste, and also extended the shelf life. However, the Hokkien word ketchup describes a fermented fish sauce that, albeit a condiment, bears no resemblance to the tomato ketchup that is beloved around the globe today. A popular theory is that British travellers first tasted the sauce in Southeast Asia, and in borrowing from the Malay word, began referring to it as "catchup" and "ketchup". Although we use the word “ketchup” without a second thought, if you stop and examine it, it’s a peculiar word with seemingly no root in Western languages. The Language of Food by Dan Jurafsky is a word nerd’s dream, and contains more on ketchup’s early history. Ketchup was originally a paste made from fermented fish guts (yes, it’s come a long way). Yes, that fish sauce, the pungent brown liquid used liberally in Southeast Asian cooking. Ketchup is an English word. There are different stories on this word’s origin. The word itself is thought to come from the Cantonese k’ē chap or the Malay kēhap, both of which refer to a kind of fish sauce. ketchup (English)Alternative forms. The term is now used almost exclusively to refer to tomato ketchup. The spelling ketchup is uniquely English (until the word was borrowed far and wide from English, that is). However, the Hokkien word ketchup describes a fermented fish sauce that, albeit a condiment, bears no resemblance to the tomato ketchup that is beloved around the globe today. Word Origin late 17th cent. Ketchup: It turns out ketchup’s origins are anything but American. Not tomatoes. In the 16th century the word “genuine” meant “natural” or “proper”, and these days we use it to mean “authentic”. ketchup (countable and uncountable, plural ketchups) (uncountable) A tomato-vinegar-based sauce, sometimes containing spices, onion or garlic, and (especially in the US) sweeteners. This practice also gave rise to an association with the word “genus”, meaning “race” or “birth”. Originally referred to a sauce from South/Southeast/East Asia – 1690: East Indies (region generally); 1711: Tonkin (northern Vietnam) and China. 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